Bowel cancer nurses urge people to get screened
All men and women between the age of 60 70 years and registered with a GP in the Great Yarmouth and Waveney PCT area are being invited to take part in the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme. In June 2009, this screening programme will be extended to cover up to the age of 75 years.
On 4th February 2009 the Bowel Cancer Screening Nurses will be in Market Gates Shopping Centre in Great Yarmouth from 9.00am to 3.00pm to raise the awareness and answer any questions regarding bowel cancer.
The Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital (NNUH) was one of the very first sites in the country to introduce the new national screening programme to help detect bowel cancer at an early stage when treatment is more likely to be effective. The NNUH team is working in partnership with the James Paget University Hospitals (JPUH) and with this screening programme approximately one death from bowel cancer per week will be prevented across the Norfolk and Waveney area.
Bowel cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths in the UK
Around 80 per cent of bowel cancers arise in people who are over 60
There are around 35,000 cases of bowel cancer identified in the UK each year
There are approximately 16,000 deaths a year from bowel cancer
Although bowel cancer affects more than one in 20 people in their lifetime, 90 per cent survive if it is caught early
Bowel cancer can be detected early by testing the stool for minute traces of blood. Studies have shown that this allows detection of early cancers and so higher cure rates. The NHS introduced a National Screening programme for Bowel Cancer in 2006.
The benefits of screening are proportional to uptake. Across Norfolk, uptake with the programme is 60%, but this figure is lower in urban areas and higher in rural communities. In Norfolk, the lowest uptake rates are in some areas of Great Yarmouth at 36%. We hope to raise awareness of the programme in these urban areas to improve uptake.
People with a positive stool test are invited to have an examination of their bowel a colonoscopy, performed at the NNUH. To date in Norfolk, 12% of people with a positive stool test have been found to have cancer, 50% have precancerous polyps which have been removed and 33% have been normal. The cancers detected have been at an earlier stage than we usually find leading to higher cure rates.
Dr Richard Tighe , NNUH consultant gastroenterologist, said, ” This programme is proving very effective in picking up early cancers in people with no symptoms, with the result that we are curing more people of bowel cancer. The uptake in rural Norfolk has been very good, but is lower in some urban centres reducing the effectiveness of the programme. We know that many people are often embarrassed to talk about their bowels. This programme means that they can now access screening in the privacy of their own homes. The test kit is simple to complete and I strongly encourage everyone offered the opportunity to participate.”
Dr Bernard Brett, JPUH consultant gastroenterologist, said: “This service brings real benefits to the population of the Great Yarmouth and Waveney area. It will save lives from bowel cancer as well as prevent the need for surgery in some individuals. This will be of benefit not only to the men and women identified through the screening programme but also to their relatives, and friends. Please take up this opportunity; this is something that could make a huge difference to you, your family and friends.'
Dr Alistair Lipp, Director of Public Health for Great Yarmouth and Waveney PCT, said: “This is a really positive public health initiative. A simple test carried out in the privacy of someones home can save lives and make a difference to individuals and their families. We would urge everyone to take up this opportunity.”
Everyone over 60 are being encouraged to take the test which is simple to do and can be done in the privacy of their home. It involves collecting a small sample from three separate bowel motions and, using a specially designed prepaid envelope, returning the kit to the laboratory for analysis.
The laboratory analyses the samples, looking for tiny traces of blood that may be invisible to the naked eye. The test does not diagnose bowel cancer but gives an indication as to whether further investigations are required.
The bowel cancer screening team at NNUH is led by Dr Richard Tighe. Once a test result indicates there might be a problem the specialist nurses will see people at a clinic at the JPUH. People who then need a colonoscopy will have it undertaken at NNUH by Dr Bernard Brett or other consultant endoscopists involved in the screening programme.
A leaflet entitled Bowel Cancer Screening The Facts will be sent to everyone with their invitation to help them make an informed choice about whether or not to take up the opportunity of screening. This leaflet explains bowel cancer screening and the benefits and limitations of the test. Step-by-step instructions for completing the test at home are being sent out with the test kit and further support is available from a freephone helpline on 0800 707 60 60.
The introduction of screening in Norfolk has been part of the roll out of the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme nationally. The first stage of the programme began in 2006 and it is anticipated that it will be universally available across England by December 2009.